CCNA (Cisco Certified Network Associate) is a certification from Cisco.

CCNA certification is a first-level Cisco Career certification. CCNA certification validates the ability to install, configure, operate, and troubleshoot medium-size routed and switchednetworks, including implementation and verification of connections to remote sites in a WAN.[1]

To achieve CCNA certification, one must earn a passing score on Cisco exam #200-120, or combined passing scores on both the ICND1 #100-101 and ICND2 #200-101 exams. Passing the ICND1 grants one the Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT) certification. Passing scores are set by using statistical analysis and are subject to change. At the completion of the exam, candidates receive a score report along with a score breakout by exam section and the passing score for the given exam. Cisco does not publish exam passing scores because exam questions and passing scores are subject to change without notice.[2]

CCNA is a popular certification in computer networking developed by Cisco Systems. Cisco created the CCNA to recognize basic competency in installation and support of medium-sized networks.

The core CCNA certification can be obtained by passing a single 90-minute written exam. The exam has no prerequisites, although Cisco and other companies offer various formal training courses to help students prepare. Topics covered on the CCNA exam include


Microsoft Certifications are information technology professional certifications for Microsoft products. Individual certifications are received upon passing one or more exams.

Like Apple, Cisco, Oracle, Red Hat, and Ubuntu programs, the certifications mainly focus on their respective product, as opposed to employment aptitude tests designed for programmer trainee jobs. The certifications are categorized by function as Server, Desktop, Database, and Developer. There are four major tiers with the MC (Microsoft Certified) prefix, which are: Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA), Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE), Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer (MCSD), and Microsoft Certified Solutions Master (MCSM).[1]

The Microsoft Certified Master (MCM), Microsoft Certified Solutions Master (MCSM), and Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA) certifications were retired on October 1, 2013.

Exams usually take between two and three hours to complete and consist of between 40 and 90 multiple-choice, drag-and-drop, and solution-building questions; and simulated content with respect to which students must perform certain common administrative tasks.[2]

The MCITP certification, or Microsoft Certified IT Professional, is an umbrella certification brought to the world by Microsoft. The specialties underneath that umbrella are very specific like Windows Server, Windows Client, Exchange Server and many more. You become MCITP certified when you pass every test under the umbrella; however, you can be considered certified in specific areas for passing the MCTS exams. In other words, you would be considered Microsoft certified in Windows Server?s but you would not be MCITP certified.